5th Grade Overview

Each teacher in fourth and fifth grade teaches a specific academic content area. Therefore, fourth and fifth grade students attend academic departmentalized classes.

Religion

Students will learn:
  • The Sacraments: God’s Gifts of Life—Jesus Christ instituted the Seven Sacraments and entrusted them to the Church. When we receive the Sacraments, our souls are filled with God’s divine life. The Sacraments strengthen us to grow in faith, holiness, and love of God.
  • Baptism and Confirmation—Baptism and Confirmation are two of the Sacraments of Christian Initiation. They welcome us into the Body of Christ, the Church. After Saint Paul received the Holy Spirit and was baptized, he went on to become one of the Church’s greatest saints.
  • The Eucharist—At the Last Supper Jesus instituted the Sacrament of the Eucharist. In the Eucharist, we receive the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus. Through the Eucharist, Jesus remains with us forever. The Eucharist is the third Sacrament of Christian Initiation.
  • Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick—Jesus proclaims that he has come to forgive sins. Throughout his ministry, he healed the sick in body and in soul. Through the Sacraments of Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick, we are healed by the saving actions of Christ.
  • Holy Orders and Matrimony—Every baptized Christian has a vocation. Bishops, priests, and deacons have a special call to leadership in the Church. Married couples are the leaders of the “domestic church,” the family.
  • Saints of the Week, Feasts and Seasons of the Church, and Prayers

Grammar/Written Expression

In both fourth and fifth grade Grammar, the following units are covered: Sentence Structure, Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Capitalization and Punctuation, Pronouns, Adverbs, and Prepositions.

In Written Expression, students focus on writing that incorporates the 6+1 Traits of Writing while using the steps of the Writing Process.

In the Trait of Ideas, students learn how to select a fresh and original idea about which to write. We discuss how to narrow the focus of a topic and choose specific details that support the main idea and paint a picture in the reader’s mind.

In the Trait of Organization, students learn about the structure of their writing. Students practice writing inviting introductions, satisfying conclusions, and original titles. They discuss using thoughtful transitions to connect their ideas and putting just the right amount of details in just the right places in an order that flows so smoothly that the reader hardly has to think about it.

In the Trait of Voice, students focus on adding interest to their writing appropriate for the purpose (Expository, Persuasive, Narrative, or Descriptive) of which they are writing and the audience for whom they are writing. This trait is about the writer taking a risk to reveal who he or she is so that the reader feels a strong interaction with him or her.

In the Trait of Word Choice, students look at selecting words and phrases that catch the reader’s eye and linger in the reader’s mind. Students focus on using specific nouns, verbs that add energy, and modifiers that add depth. We learn to find words that are powerful and engaging to help Students convey their message.

In the Trait of Sentence Fluency, students practice constructing sentences that vary in length and structure to invite expressive oral reading. Fourth and fifth graders incorporate the Trait of Conventions throughout the course in their daily grammar lessons. Students focus on using spelling, punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and paragraphing effectively to enhance readability.

Vocabulary

Students will: Define prefixes, suffixes, and roots; learn parts and use of dictionary/thesaurus; use metaphors and similes; evaluate poetry styles; and examine Word Choice.

Spelling

Students will: Apply pattern rules to new words/Spelling Bees; identify prefixes, suffixes, and roots; identify syllabication; utilize resources; recognize commonly misspelled words; identify homophones; and identify and use compound words.

Reading

Students will:
  • Communicate with a purpose.
  • Appreciate differences of opinion.
  • Interact with peers.
  • Participate in variety of speaking opportunities.
  • Focus on purpose to read.
  • Identify organizational patterns to assist comprehension.
  • Identify story elements.
  • Compare/contrast fiction and non-fiction works.
  • Apply reading strategies to variety of literature genres. 
    • Renaissance Learning Reading Program-Home Connect.
    • Web-based, individual student, web pages for parents to monitor reading progress.
    • “Accelerated Reader” book finder.
    • “Status of the Class” individual, weekly interviews with teacher to monitor reading progress.
  • Use critical thinking skills.
  • Apply study skills.
  • Evaluate information.
  • Use relevant material for resources.
  • Engage in free reading of personal interest.

Science

Science as Inquiry—Students will be able to observe, measure, infer, and predict using variables, hypothesize and make models, interpret data, experiment, and problem solve, and define terms on the basis of observations.

Work and Simple Machines—Students will investigate: Forces, Work, The Pulley, The Lever, and The Inclined Plane.

Earth’s Force—Students will investigate: The Force of Gravity, Acceleration Due to Gravity, The Force of Friction, The Force of Friction, and Force, Mass and Acceleration.

Investigating Heat—Students will investigate: Temperature and Heat, Transferring Heat, Converting Heat, Heat and the Body, and Matter and Heat.

Microscopic Explorations—Students will investigate: Leaning about Lenses, Specimens, Animal Cells, Plant Cells, and Tissues.

Inheritance and Adaptations—Students will investigate: Extracting DNA from a Cell, The Inheritance of Traits, Incomplete and Co-Dominance, Deciphering the Genetic Code, and Genes and natural Selection.

Exploring Density—Students will investigate: Density, Calculating the Density of Water, Densities of Different Liquids, Densities of Different Solids, and Density of Solutions.

Eukaryotes—Classroom resources include text and workbooks, overhead projector, computers, ELMO board, classroom pets, expert visitors, projects, and hands on items. Out of classroom resources include field trips and field research on school grounds.

Mathematics

• Number Sense—Compute with whole numbers, decimals, and fractions and understand the relationship among decimals, fractions, and percents; understand the relative magnitudes of numbers; understand prime and composite numbers.

• Computation—Solve problems involving multiplication and division of whole numbers and solve problems involving addition, subtraction, and simple multiplication and division of fractions and decimals.

• Algebra and Functions—Use variables in simple expressions, compute the value of an expression for specific values of the variable, and plot and interpret the results; use two-dimensional coordinate grids to represent points and graph lines.

• Geometry—Identify, describe, and classify the properties of plane and solid geometric shapes and the relationships between them.

• Measurement—Understand and compute the areas and volumes of simple objects, as well as measuring weight, temperature, time, and money.

• Data Analysis and Probability—Collect, display, analyze, compare, and interpret data sets. They use the results of probability experiments to predict future events.

• Problem Solving—Make decisions about how to approach problems and communicate their ideas.

Both fourth & fifth grades use the StarBoard daily to enhance mathematics lessons. We also use Responders on a daily basis to assess the students’ understanding of the lesson, and to take tests and quizzes. Students also practice Math Facts on the responders and can access Math Facts in a Flash through the Renaissance Place Home Connect (same as Accelerated Reader).

Social Studies

Students will study landforms and physical features of the Western Hemisphere and will:
  • Define hemisphere; locate Western Hemisphere.
  • Identify countries, capitals, and major cities.
  • Name continents, oceans, major features of Western hemisphere including: Great Lakes, Andes Mountains, Amazon River, Hudson Bay, Caribbean Islands and the Isthmus of Panama.
  • Use special purpose maps to gather data and make comparisons.
Students will learn democratic citizenship, how to participate in the constitutional system of government of the United States in relation to the Western Hemisphere, and will:

  • Describe the type of government found in Canada, Mexico, and selected countries in Caribbean, Central and South America.
  • Describe the role of citizens in two or more countries with different types of government.
  • Identify significant individuals and events and explain their contributions to society, including European explorers, colonial figures, and prominent individuals.
  • Identify the effects of slavery on Western Hemisphere and its impact on various cultures.
Students will learn about the interaction of Europeans with Native Americans and will:

  • Identify relationships between different colonists.
  • Describe settlers’ relationship with the Native Americans.
  • Identify the general location of the Mayan, Aztec and Inca civilizations and list their major accomplishments.
  • Describe the Mayan class system and the Inca’s use of irrigation and terracing.
  • Identify Montezuma (also known as Moctezuma).
  • Identify causes of the Indian decline in the Americas.
  • Identify some common reasons why colonies seek independence from overseas rulers.
  • Identify various explorers, for example, Columbus, Bolivar, Vespucci, Balboa, and Magellan.
Students will acquire a historical understanding of the United States and will:
  • Learn democratic citizenship and how to participate in the constitutional system of government of the United States in relation to the Western Hemisphere.
  • Identify the different forms of government.
  • Compare and contrast the role of a representative body in the different forms of government.
  • Describe the role of citizens in two or more countries with different types of government.